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Valuation of Immovable Properties for various purposes such as Wealth tax, Income tax, capital Gain tax calculation, Visa purposes, Bank Security Mortgage, Property distribution in Family or amongst Partners, O.D Purposes against Property, Rental Calculations, Stamp Duty Calculation, Insurance of Property, House Tax Calculations, Valuations of big areas of land by Developers method and many more purposes

What is Valuation


Click here to know different methods of valuation

Before we go for different methods of Valuation, it is important to know as what value is and what the difference between Cost, Price and value is.

COST: It is the expenditure to produce a commodity having a value

PRICE: It is cost of commodity plus additional reward to the producer for the labour and capital invested.

VALUE : It is not inherent in the property itself will be determined in the open market by following factors

A) Utility of commodity

B) Scarcity as existing

C) Transferability or Marketability

Value is a function of time, place and purpose

In short

Cost is a Fact
Price is a policy
Value is an Opinion

Leaving the cost and price topics we come to Topic Valuation.Before coming to Valuation we study as to What is Value

  • Value is money parted by a person against the value received in the Form of other commodity
  • Value is an estimate of what the price ought to be
  • Valuation is an opinion and varies from purpose to purpose
  • Value can be said to be ratio between price of money and price in return.

Nature of Values

Term Value is used in politics, social life, religious field and finally Business Economic dealings.

Types of Values

1. Assessed Value : Value recorded in register of local authorities such as MCD / DDA used for determining property taxes etc.

2. Book Value : Also known as book cost which shows the original investment of company on asset including Property and machinery less Depreciation for the period passed.

3. Salvage Value : B.E.R ( Beyond Economic Repairs) value of machinery realized on sale when useful span of life is over but not become useless.

4. Scrap Value : (B.L.R) Beyond limit of Repair, When Property / Asset becomes absolutely useless except to be sold as scrap. For

- Machinery – Scrape rate
- Buildings – Value of old retrieved material less cost of Demolition.

5. Replacement Value : Value of building or portion thereof if these have to be replaced at the current market rate.

6. Earning Value : It is present value of Property which will start yielding an income in future. Such as in cinemas, conference/marriage Hall etc.

Apart from these, following values play important role as far as valuation is concerned

- Market Value, Fair Market Value, Open Market Value
- Forced Value or Distress Value
- Monopoly Value
- Speculative Value ( Hypothetical)
- Sentimental Value
- Accommodation Value

Valuation is an art of assessing the value of a Property. For doing valuation it is important to know from the client what the purpose of valuation is.

Purpose of Valuation may be for any one of the purposes given below:

a) Accounting Purpose – Present value of old properties

b) For Loans i.e. mortgaging

c) Dissolution of Firm

d) Insurance Purposes

e) Partition in Family

f) Reconstruction

g) Establishment of new Projects

h) Ascertaining goodwill for investment purposes

i) Purchasing for investment / Self Occupation

j) Compensation for Land acquisition.

k) Assessing Property tax, Income tax, Wealth tax, Capital Gain and Gift tax

l) Fixing MRP for auction

m) By DRT (Dead Recovery Tribunal) for Sale

n) Rent fixation

o) Court Fees, Stamp duty.

p) Visa Purposes

q) Court orders to help Evaluation of various rights in Disputed Property by Police crime branch to assess the property accumulated by noted criminal under Mac coca Cases.

After understanding the meaning of Valuation and its purpose, we will proceed to as to how to do valuation i.e. what are the different methods of Valuation.